HEMP PRODUCTION

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Hemp is best adapted to well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. Hemp does not grow well in wet soils or those with heavy clay content. Hemp production is sensitive to soil crusting and soil compaction, which can occur on these soils. Hemp is a short-day plant and will only begin to mature when day length is less than 12 hours of sunlight.

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Plant hemp seeds in late spring.

Wait until after the last frost to plant hemp seeds. Check the temperature 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep with a soil thermometer to see if it’s above 50 °F (10 °C). Once the temperature has been consistent for a few days, you can plant your seeds. Hemp grows best when the outdoor temperature us between 60–80 °F (16–27 °C).

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Grow hemp in a field with well-aerated soil with a pH between 6-7.5.

Check the pH of the soil with a probe or paper test strips to see if the soil has the right growing conditions. Break the soil up using a hoe or tiller to aerate it. While hemp grows in most soils, poorly-drained soil could cause damage to your plants.

Test the drainage by digging a 1 × 1 × 1 ft (30 × 3 bv0 × 30 cm) hole and filling it with water. Time how long it takes for the water to completely drain and if it’s longer than 1 hour, find a different location.

It’s easier to find a place with healthy soil conditions rather than amending your existing soil.

[/fusion_text][/fusion_builder_column_inner][fusion_builder_column_inner type=”1_2″ layout=”1_2″ spacing=”” center_content=”no” hover_type=”none” link=”” target=”_self” min_height=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”left top” background_repeat=”no-repeat” border_size=”0″ border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” border_radius=”” box_shadow=”no” dimension_box_shadow=”” box_shadow_blur=”0″ box_shadow_spread=”0″ box_shadow_color=”” box_shadow_style=”” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” dimension_margin=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=”” last=”no”][fusion_imageframe image_id=”877|400″ max_width=”” style_type=”” blur=”” stylecolor=”” hover_type=”none” bordersize=”” bordercolor=”” borderradius=”” align=”none” lightbox=”no” gallery_id=”” lightbox_image=”” lightbox_image_id=”” alt=”” link=”” linktarget=”_self” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=””]https://treeoflifetrading.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/image-400×267.jpeg[/fusion_imageframe][/fusion_builder_column_inner][/fusion_builder_row_inner][/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container][fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”no” hundred_percent_height=”no” hundred_percent_height_scroll=”no” hundred_percent_height_center_content=”yes” equal_height_columns=”no” menu_anchor=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” status=”published” publish_date=”” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”center center” background_repeat=”no-repeat” fade=”no” background_parallax=”none” enable_mobile=”no” parallax_speed=”0.3″ video_mp4=”” video_webm=”” video_ogv=”” video_url=”” video_aspect_ratio=”16:9″ video_loop=”yes” video_mute=”yes” video_preview_image=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ layout=”1_1″ spacing=”” center_content=”no” link=”” target=”_self” min_height=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_image_id=”” background_position=”left top” background_repeat=”no-repeat” hover_type=”none” border_size=”0″ border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” border_radius=”” box_shadow=”no” dimension_box_shadow=”” box_shadow_blur=”0″ box_shadow_spread=”0″ box_shadow_color=”” box_shadow_style=”” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=”” last=”no”][fusion_fontawesome icon=”fa-draft2digital fab” size=”” flip=”” rotate=”” spin=”no” alignment=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” margin_top=”” margin_right=”” margin_bottom=”” margin_left=”” circle=”yes” iconcolor=”” circlecolor=”” circlebordercolor=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”down” animation_speed=”0.1″ animation_offset=”” /][fusion_builder_row_inner][fusion_builder_column_inner type=”1_2″ layout=”1_2″ spacing=”” center_content=”no” hover_type=”zoomin” link=”” target=”_self” min_height=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=”” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_position=”left top” undefined=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” border_size=”0″ border_color=”” border_style=”solid” border_position=”all” border_radius_top_left=”” border_radius_top_right=”” border_radius_bottom_left=”” border_radius_bottom_right=”” box_shadow=”no” box_shadow_vertical=”” box_shadow_horizontal=”” box_shadow_blur=”0″ box_shadow_spread=”0″ box_shadow_color=”” box_shadow_style=”” padding_top=”” padding_right=”” padding_bottom=”” padding_left=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”” animation_direction=”left” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_offset=”” last=”no”][fusion_text columns=”” column_min_width=”” column_spacing=”” rule_style=”default” rule_size=”” rule_color=”” hide_on_mobile=”small-visibility,medium-visibility,large-visibility” class=”” id=””]

Put the seeds 3⁄4–1 1⁄4 inches (1.9–3.2 cm) deep.

Use a seed drill attached to a lawnmower or tractor to space your seeds evenly and cover them with soil. Pour the seeds into the hopper and let the machine do the work for you. The machine will also bury the seeds to the correct depth so birds and pests can’t get to them.

Keep the seeds closer together if you want to grow hemp for fibers since this will make them grow up rather than branch out.

Spread the seeds further apart if you want to harvest seeds. This encourages the plants to branch out and grows shorter.

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Water your hemp 12–15 in (30–38 cm) throughout the growing season.

Check the moisture of the soil by sticking your finger down to the first knuckle. If it feels dry and doesn’t rain, water the hemp until the soil is damp 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm) deep. Watering is the most important within the first 6 weeks of growth while the plant is still young. After that, hemp is drought-resistant and can survive without water for a few days.

Use an irrigation system if you’re growing a large hemp crop.

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Spread a nitrogen-rich fertilizer over your crops.

Work on a warm, dry day so the fertilizer doesn’t stick to the plants, and only apply fertilizer once right after the seeds have germinated. Put the fertilizer down between the rows of hemp rather than directly on the plants. Water your hemp immediately after you apply the fertilizer so it absorbs into the soil.

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Spray a pre-emergent herbicide on your hemp.

Though most hemp crops will block any weeds from growing, use a garden sprayer filled with pre-emergent herbicide on your hemp once it germinates. This helps protect your plants while they’re still growing.

As of 2018, there are no herbicides or pesticides officially registered to use on hemp in the United States.

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Collecting Hemp Seeds

Harvest hemp seeds with a sickle after 16 weeks. Feel the seed pods near the flowers to see if they are hard to the touch. At this point, most of the leaves will have fallen off of the stalk. Hold the top of the stalk and cut just below the lowest seed pod with a sickle.

  • In the United States, harvest usually takes place in October.
  • Leave any fallen leaves in the soil to use as compost for next year.

Keep the seeds in an area between 32–40 °F (0–4 °C). Store the seeds in a large container sealed with a lid. Keep the container in a large fridge or a cool area so the seeds don’t germinate. Otherwise, they may burst and become germ-infested.

  • You can keep seeds in a burlap sack if they have a moisture level of less than 12%.

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Hemp History

Hemp in past

Chinese use of hemp for clothing and bowstrings dates back to 12,000 years.

The first significant usage of hemp was in maritime. Every sailing ship required 200 TONS of hemp for sails and rigging. Industrialized manufacture of hemp sails helped Venice rise to power. By the 1500s, England, Spain, Holland, and Portugal were all highly dependent on hemp to compete

Hemp and America’s Founding

England faced its own “OPEC Crisis” in the 1600s (importing as much as 97% of its hemp from Russia) and viewed America as a cheaper source of raw materials (including hemp), as well as being a consumer market for finished British goods. England laws and economic incentives to help increase hemp production. They also implemented penalties that disallowed the importation of wool. England eventually resorted to getting their hemp from Ireland and India.

Hemp in the New American Economy

Hemp became a major source of wealth in colonial America. The Colonies eventually became a competitor to Britain’s economic dominance. Americans used almost all domestically-grown hemp for clothes, rope, and paper. As much as 90% of the world’s paper came from hemp until 1883. Hemp clothes were more durable, softer, and offered better insulation. The colonists developed their own shipbuilding industry, using domestic hemp. Hemp was such a useful commodity in the colonies it was used to barter versus paper money. Herbal medicines derived from cannabis became widely popular and cannabis was added to the US Pharmacopeia in 1850

suddenly the table has turned. The decline of hemp farms in the 1800s happened. The demise of hemp as an essential part of the American economy and daily life was the result of economic elites promoting their own interests. A decline worldwide demand for American (and hemp) products started after the  Revolutionary War ended. The invention of the cotton gin, along with an increase in slave labor for cotton, furthered the decline in demand for hemp.

Trees were free and plentiful, which was tempting for paper manufacturers. The introduction of ironclad ships during the Civil war initiated a rapid decline in the need for hemp sails and rigging. A prohibitionist mindset ultimately led to the outlawing of hemp. The War on Drugs began the conflation of hemp and marijuana and basically, it didn’t stop until 2014.

Moral opposition to the over-indulgence of alcohol ultimately became conflated with cannabis through the manipulation of elite economic interests

A successful hemp industry conflicted with the interests of:

  •  John D Rockefeller – Standard Oil (wanted petroleum-only fuel for autos and airlines)
  •  William Randolph Hearst (wanted to exploit forested landholdings for paper)
  •  DuPont (paper, plastics, and fuel interests)
  •  Andrew Mellon (Banker/Advocate for corporations, Political controller, oil interests)

Many efforts have been made during many years till now to legalize hemp farming. Now condition and rules are prepared to farm and sell hemp in Tennessee state.

What is hemp?

Hemp is cannabis, especially cannabis Sativa L. It is one of the fastest-growing plants and was one of the first to be spun into usable fiber 10000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.

Chinese use of hemp for clothing and bowstrings dates back 12,000 years. Americans used almost all domestically-grown hemp for clothes, rope, and paper. As much as 90% of the world’s paper came from hemp until 1883. Hemp clothes were more durable, softer, and offered better insulation. Herbal medicines derived from cannabis became widely popular. Cannabis was added to the US Pharmacopeia in 1850.

Hemp vs. Marijuana: What’s the Difference?

Hemp and marijuana are from the same genus of plant. There are distinct differences, however, between the two.

Making the distinction between hemp and cannabis can be done in a few different ways. These include appearance, chemical composition, and cultivation.

Appearance

Hemp and marijuana look similar, but there are noticeable differences between the two, particularly between industrial hemp and marijuana. A marijuana plant, for example, has broad leaves and is typically bushy in appearance and produces thick, resinous, pungent flowers. Hemp, on the other hand, contains skinnier leaves that are more concentrated at the top of the plant and is much taller and skinnier than the marijuana plant. However, a hemp strain such as the phytocannabinoid-rich kind Joy Organics uses is much harder to distinguish from marijuana.

Chemical Composition

Aside from the differences in appearance detectable by a trained eye, the chemical composition is also different.

Cannabis contains more than 500 chemical components. Of these, over 100 various cannabinoids have been identified. The most famous of these are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol ().

Research has shown that both THC and contain a myriad of different health and wellness benefits; however, THC is known to produce the psychoactive effects that are associated with the “high” that’s made marijuana famous, while does not contain these psychoactive attributes.

Here’s where there is a HUGE difference between hemp and marijuana. Hemp plants contain virtually no THC at all (0.3% or less), while marijuana is abundant in the psychoactive cannabinoid and can contain anywhere from 5-30% THC (or more). Because hemp plants contain such a minute amount of THC, hemp doesn’t get you high.

What makes hemp different from other crops ( biologically speaking)?

Like humans, there are female plants and male plants, and yes, transgender or hermaphrodite hemp plants. Hemp is mostly dioecious, that is, comprised of specifically male or female plants, but it can also turn monoecious (hermaphrodite) in cases of an extreme environmental stressor with unstable/unproven genetics

Hemp and Marijuana – what’s the difference?

Classification and taxonomy of cannabis

Even though it is estimated that the cannabis plant has been accompanying humanity for millennia, confusion still exists today regarding the classification of its species or varieties. In fact, the debate on how to classify this plant has been active for more than two centuries: are the different varieties of cannabis typical of a single and very diverse species? Or is it a polytypic genre with several species? In this article, we will investigate and explain the main differences between hemp and marijuana.

There are hundreds of cannabis varieties
As we saw in our article on the origins of cannabis cultivation, the plant was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and named Cannabis Sativa. However, Linnaeus only knew European hemp, and it was not until 1785 that Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck introduced a second species found in the mountains of India and with very different morphological features from the first, which he called Cannabis Indica. Much later, in the twentieth century, precisely in 1924, D.E. Janichevsky presented a third species found in Russia, Cannabis Ruderalis.

Origins of cannabis cultivation

The debate continued until the 1970s, when William Imboden, Loran Anderson, and Richard E. Schultes proposed the classification that is still the most popular among botanists and growers today, dividing the genus Cannabis into three distinct species: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. This classification is based on stable morphological differences observed in each of the three species and is, therefore, the most used when talking about the different varieties of each species.

Cannabis taxonomy:
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Urticales
Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Cannabis
Species: Cannabis Sativa L., Cannabis Indica Lam., Cannabis Ruderalis Janisch

The origin of hemp and marijuana

One of the main differences between hemp and what we colloquially call marijuana is the THC or tetrahydrocannabinol content of the latter. Indeed, while hemp varieties show a very low (or nonexistent) content in this psychoactive compound, the cannabis plants we often refer to as drug varieties do contain considerable amounts of this cannabinoid. But how did these varieties come to have such different traits? In 1976, Ernest Small and Arthur Cronquist proposed that it would have been mainly due to the human factor.

THC molecule, the principal psychoactive compound in cannabis
Over time, thanks to the selection and breeding carried out year after year, two very different types of cannabis would have been differentiated: one rich in THC and used for medicinal, religious and recreational purposes, and another with hardly any THC content, destined for the production of food and various materials and objects such as fabrics, ropes or baskets. As cannabis expanded from Asia, and thanks to the selection of growers in the areas where it took root, more and more different varieties appeared, each sharing characteristics with their distant relatives, but in turn developing their own unique traits.

So, the THC rich varieties would be what we now call “marijuana” (and in many cases “cannabis”), while those lacking this psychoactive compound and used industrially to obtain raw materials are generically called “hemp”. Within each of these types, we can find hundreds of different varieties, from those offered as THC-rich, feminized seeds to hemp seeds that can be purchased by weight in any agricultural cooperative.

Differences between hemp and marijuana

Broadly speaking, we can point to differences in terms of morphology, chemotype and use to distinguish between hemp and marijuana. Marijuana (cannabis rich in THC) is usually more compact and branchy, has a much richer content of cannabinoids and terpenes and is usually cultivated and used for medicinal or recreational purposes. In contrast, hemp plants usually grow much taller (up to and over 5 meters), have very little lateral branching and usually a very low content in cannabinoids and terpenes (some of them do have considerable amounts of , CBG or other compounds of particular interest in the therapeutic field). Today, hemp has dozens of applications in industry and for food, from the production of seeds to the manufacture of bricks for construction.

Male plants are not usually removed from hemp fields
Given its characteristics, especially the height of the plants, it is almost impossible to grow hemp indoors, meaning that most of the hemp produced worldwide is outdoors or in greenhouses. On the other hand, and since the cultivation of marijuana is illegal in many places, indoor cultivation is the method chosen by many growers of this type of plant, and with good reason, cultivating indoors is much safer both for legal reasons and to avoid the attention of plant thieves or “rippers”.

Characteristics and uses of hemp

As we know, mankind has cultivated and used hemp for millennia and has obtained different materials for an endless number of industrial or nutritional applications. Hemp is usually cultivated intensively, at a very high plant density, which is partly due to its low capacity to develop lateral branches. The height varies depending on the variety and growing conditions, although it is not uncommon for the plants to reach a height between 2 and 5 or 6 meters. The inter-nodal distance is very large, especially in those crops grown principally for fiber, for example, rather than seeds.

Hemp grows tall, without side branches
The stem is usually thicker, more woody, and also less hollow than that of many varieties rich in THC. They can present male or female flowers, although there is also a considerable number of monoecious specimens, in other words, hermaphrodites. Depending on the final use, which can range from the production of hemp seed oil to fiber for cellulose, the producers will choose one variety or the other according to the characteristics of each one. These are some of the many uses of hemp:

Paper production
Materials for weaving (clothes, ropes, candles, etc.)
Manufacture of biodegradable plastics
Recyclable and biodegradable construction material
Synthetic materials (aerospace and automotive industry)
Seed production
Seed oil
Biodiesel
Cosmetic industry (soaps, creams, etc.)
Beyond any shadow of a doubt, hemp represents an ecological and sustainable alternative that can greatly contribute to creating a better future for our planet, especially if practices such as the responsible use of pesticides and other toxic products are taken into account by growers.