hemp

Hemp As a Beneficial Plant

From different parts of this plant, various products are extracted. These products are used in different domains of industries, medical, nutrition, etc.

We’ve mentioned some uses of this product here.

Food

Hemp foods are made from a type of cannabis plant that is extremely low in THC (the psychoactive component in marijuana). Eating hemp foods will most definitely not get you high. It may, however, deliver your body some fantastic nutritional benefits. Hemp seeds – the main part of the plant used for food – are considered a very nutritious seed. They are a source of vitamins, minerals, and easy-to-digest plant protein and have a good balance of healthy Omega 3 and Omega 6 essential fatty acids.

According to the USDA National Nutrient Database, a 2 tablespoon serving of hemp seeds weighing 20 grams (g) contains:

31 g of protein
75 g of fat
73 g of carbohydrates (including 0.8 g of fiber and 0.3 g of sugar)
14 milligrams (mg) of calcium
59 mg of iron
140 mg of magnesium
330 mg of phosphorus
240 mg of potassium
98 mg of zinc
22 micrograms (mcg) of folate
Hemp seeds also provide vitamin C, some B vitamins, and vitamins A and E.

Fabric, Textiles, and Rope

Hemp can be used to make a variety of fabrics, similar to but more durable than cotton. Hemp is also excellent for making rugs and other textiles. Hemp is the traditional rope fiber due to its flexibility, strength, and resistance to water damage. In past centuries, hemp was extremely important to the Navy, the shipping trade, and fishing because it was used to make ropes, riggings, nets, and sails.

Fuel

Hemp oil can be used as it is in bio-diesel engines. Methyl esters, or bio-diesel, can be made from any oil or fat including hemp seed oil. The reaction requires the oil, alcohol (usually methanol), and a catalyst, which produces bio-diesel and a small amount of glycerol or glycerin. When co-fired with 15% methanol, bio-diesel fuel produces energy less than 1/3 as pollution as petroleum diesel.

Oil

Hemp oil comes from seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. Cold-pressed, unrefined hemp oil is dark to clear light green in color, with a nutty flavor. The darker the color, the grassier the flavor. It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower. [wikimedia]

Body care

Due to hemp’s high content of beneficial oils and natural emollient properties, hemp is becoming a common ingredient in lotions and many other skins, hair, and cosmetic products. It is a good alternative to the toxic chemicals present in many petroleum-based lotions and cosmetics.

Construction and housing

Hemp-based materials can replace wood and other materials used to build homes and other structures including foundations, walls, shingles, paneling, pipes, and paint.

 

Hemp Industry Statistics

Hemp is a beneficial plant which is estimated to take advantage of it in more than 25000 different way. As is shown below, , Personal care, and industrial usage of the hemp plant are at the top of the sale diagram.

The diagram above shows that body care products are desirable. people are interested to use a by-product of this plant because of the unique properties it. For example in body care following properties are found:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Analgesic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Neuro-proactive
  • Antioxidant
  • Enhance circulation and cellular regeneration

Attention:

products aren’t approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for any medical condition. They aren’t regulated for purity and dosage like other medications.

Income ratio in Tennessee

  1. 9/95 TN counties above in top half of average income nationally
  2. The story is NOT so rosy across the entire state, particularly in rural counties 86/95 which fall in the bottom half.

Hemp can help economically distressed counties achieve agri-centric economic growth, while farms in more affluent counties can use hemp as a means to avoid selling out to suburban sprawl.

New Green Deal Considerations

In the hemp farming business, some considerations in different aspects should be observed. Aspects include production and cultivation, produce and distribute inputs, harvesting and transport and also primary processing.

Production and Cultivation

In production and cultivation step, the important parameters are:

  • Size of land area under cultivation
  • Number of clones in per acre
  • The survival rate of clones
  • Best time to take delivery
  • Selecting best Cultivar
  • Delivery time
  • Suitable seed storage method
  • Potential buyers
  • Amount of payment for per pound
  • Finding other competitors

Produce and Distribute Inputs

In produce and distribute inputs step, the important parameters are as follows:

  • Preparing fields properly
  • Analyzing soil condition
  • Choosing the best planting method and planting time
  • Checking water access
  • Checking local micro-climate
  • Forecasting weather condition
  • Managing pest
  • Analyzing the availability of tools, materials, and labor
  • Specifying Quality terms and conditions
  • THC level measurement
  • Defining the fallback strategy

Harvesting and Transport

In harvesting and transport step, important parameters are:

  • Suitable time to harvest
  • Harvest labor
  • Access to harvest equipment
  • Harvesting cost assessment
  • Best time and place to store harvested materials
  • The acceptable duration between harvesting and moving them
  • Transporters analysis
  • Transport cost analysis
  • Managing contract and payment methods
  • Finding alternative customers

Primary Processing

In the primary processing step, important parameters are as following:

  • Comparing the quality of needs with available resources
  • Comparing the volume of resources with needs
  • Adaptation degree of processing schedule with buyers need
  • The pace of converting input materials to the desired output
  • Selling unused output or unacceptable materials to other downstream producers
  • Defining the payment method of suppliers
  • Assessing facility safety and quality
  • Generating other income streams from one investment
  • Defining supplier of equipment

 

Hemp by-product extraction procedure

There are many ways to extract the oil from the plant and make oil. Some of the most desirable ways are mentioned here:

  • Liquid Solvent
  • Olive oil
  • CO2

Liquid Solvent

Using a liquid solvent like ethanol, butane, alcohol, or isopropyl is the most common form of extraction. This is because it is a less expensive option that is fast and easy. However, it is probably the most dangerous method as the liquids are highly flammable. Using a liquid solvent also destroys the plant waxes which hold numerous health benefits. Another disadvantage of this method is that the process not only removes the cannabinoids but also removes chlorophyll along with it. The chlorophyll can give the oil a more bitter taste.

The liquid solvent method begins with the plant material such as the flowers and trims being put into a container. The solvent is then run through the plant material stripping it of the cannabinoids which are transferred to the liquid. The liquid is then evaporated from the mixture leaving the concentrated cannabinoids in the form of an oil.

CO2

Using CO2 to extract is the latest and most advanced method. The solvent is considered a cleaner, purer form of extraction because there is no residue after extraction.

To isolate the individual compounds ( being one of them), the extracted oil needs to be distilled after extraction. The first step is a process called Winterization, followed by Short Path Distillation.

Winterization

Winterization is the process to remove undesirable elements that were extracted from the plant, for example, fats, waxes, and lipids. This process is only needed when the oil was extracted at high pressure/high temperature (supercritical) because this intense extraction pulls everything from the plant, including the material you don’t want in the final product. The extracted oil is effectively crude oil, which needs refining.

Once extracted, the mixture is combined with 200 proof alcohol and stirred vigorously until completely mixed. It’s then placed in a deep freezer overnight. In the morning, the mixture looks cloudy and is ready for filtration. One way to filter out the fats etc. is to run it through a filter paper into an extraction jar. A common piece of equipment for this is a Buchner Funnel. Once it’s been filtered to satisfaction and the undesirable elements have been removed, it’s time to remove the alcohol. This is done using heat. The extraction is warmed and as its warmed, the alcohol evaporates since the boiling point of alcohol is lower than the oil. The removed alcohol can then be reused on a different batch of crude oil.

Short path distillation

To further refine the extract, and to isolate the , the oil goes through Short Path Distillation. This works in much the same way as Winterization in that the extract is heated and each compound is then separated because each one has a different boiling point. In this way, each compound is isolated and can be used by itself.

Olive oil

enthusiasts more often use the olive oil extraction process rather than commercial producers. This process may be the oldest form of extraction that our ancestors would have used to make oil and enjoy its benefits. It is a safe method, it’s inexpensive, and it’s relatively simple. The problem is that it is perishable and must be kept in a cool, dark place. This makes it an impractical method for producers.

First, the raw plant material will be decarboxylated. It will be heated to a specific temperature for a specific amount of time in order to activate the chemicals in the plant. Then, the plant material is added to olive oil and heated again to extract the cannabinoids. With this process, the olive oil should not be evaporated. Because of this, the oil is also not as concentrated as it is after other methods—so users would need to ingest a much higher quantity.

CBD Effects and Benefits

This content is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or to take the place of medical advice or treatment from a personal physician. All viewers of this content are advised to consult their doctors or qualified health professionals regarding specific health questions.

Cannabis oil preparations have been used in medicine for millennia, but the concern over the dangers of abuse led to the banning of medicinal hemp or cannabis in the 1930s.

is the major non-euphorigenic component of Cannabis sativa. Some research is beginning to show that is different than other well-studied cannabinoids. All cannabinoids function as ligands, meaning they dock onto the binding site of a protein and have the ability to modulate a receptor’s behavior. CB1 receptors are widely distributed but are particularly abundant in areas of the brain, including those concerned with movement, coordination, sensory perception, emotion, memory, cognition, autonomic and endocrine functions.

It appears that oil has few adverse side effects when it’s used in appropriate amounts. The most common oil side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, anxiety, and changes in mood.

Pain relief: Both cancer and its treatment can lead to pain. Cancer often causes pain due to inflammation, pressure on internal organs, or nerve injury. When the pain is severe, it can even become resistant to opioids, which are powerful pain relievers. indirectly acts on the CB2 receptors, which may help with widespread pain relief by reducing inflammation.

Dangerous Side Effects of Oil

There are some known real risks to oil, however. Be absolutely certain to consult a doctor before using oil if any of the below apply to you.

  •  It can lower your blood pressure and interact with medication.

Mostly, oil is benign. Its side effects might leave you feeling unwell for a little while, but they will pass. But this is a medication, even if it is marketed carelessly, and that means it can have a powerful effect on your body.

oil can act as a blood thinner and in doing so it can lower your blood pressure. For someone who has issues with blood pressure this can pose very real risks.

  •  It can make Parkinson’s disease worse.

Some research indicates that oil can exacerbate the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease. This research is ongoing, but patients should avoid the product until more definitive results come out.

Mild Side Effects of Oil

Most of the side effects of oil are moderate. Unless you fall into one of the specific categories above, the odds are that this is a generally benign product with limited negative consequences, according to one research paper. Most of those include:

  •  It can cause drowsiness and light-headedness.

This side effect should come as no surprise. Doctors have long looked at cannabis as a treatment for sleep disorders, and oil is no exception. Putting you to sleep is a feature, not a bug. Just don’t be surprised if your latte doesn’t pack the caffeine punch you expected.

  •  It can cause loss of appetite and dry mouth.

Ironically, perhaps, for a cannabis product, oil has been linked to loss of appetite in some people. Along with dry mouth, it can simply leave you feeling unpleasant after ingesting. As with most other side effects, this will pass in time.